A measuring tool is a tool for measuring a certain property. Including length, temperature, time, mass, force, current, voltage, resistance, sound, radio, refractive index and average dispersion. According to its usage, it usually can be divided into two types: General measuring tools and special measuring tools.
Measuring tools can also be divided into mechanical, optical, pneumatic, electric and photoelectric types according to their working principles. However, some modern measurement tools have developed into measurement tools that use the principles of precision mechanics, light, and electricity at the same time and combined with electronic computer technology. Therefore, this classification method is only suitable for measurement tools with a single working principle.
A measuring tool that can measure the length or angle of various types of work-pieces, This type of measuring tool has the most varieties and specifications, and is also the most widely used, including gauge blocks, angle gauge blocks, polyhedral prisms, sine gauges, calipers, micrometers, dial indicators, multi-tooth indexing tables, comparators, and laser length measuring instruments , tool microscope, coordinate measuring machine, etc.
Generic measuring tools
Common measurement tools are as follows:
Rangefinder is also called distance meter, which is an instrument used for distance measurement based on the principles of electromagnetic wave, optics, acoustics and has a compact body. Two methods are generally used to measure distance: pulse method and phase method. The process of pulse distance measurement is as follows: the laser light emitted by the range finder is reflected by the object to be measured and then received by the range finder, and the range finder also records the round-trip time of the laser. Half of the product of the speed of light and the round-trip time is the distance between the rangefinder and the measured object. The accuracy of pulse method measuring distance is generally about +/- 1 meter. In addition, the blind zone of this type of rangefinder is generally about 15 meters.
Since the laser is used for distance measurement, and the pulsed laser beam is a monochromatic light source with very concentrated energy, so do not use your eyes to look directly at the emitting port, Do not use the aiming telescope to observe the smooth reflecting surface, so as not to hurt people's eyes. Do not directly aim the launching port of the instrument at the sun during field measurement to avoid burning the photosensitive element of the instrument.
Check the appearance of the instrument frequently and remove the dust, grease, mildew, etc. on the surface in time.
Use a soft dry cloth to clean the eyepiece, objective lens or laser emission window. Scribing with hard objects is strictly prohibited to avoid damage to optical performance.
This machine is a high-precision instrument that integrates optical, mechanical, and electrical. It should be handled with care during use, and it is strictly prohibited to squeeze or fall from a high place to avoid damage to the instrument.
The tape measure can be rolled up because there is a spring inside the tape measure. When the tape measure is pulled out to measure the length, it actually stretches the length of the ruler and the spring.Once the measurement is completed, the spring inside the tape measure will automatically shrink, and the ruler will also shrink under the action of the spring force, so the tape measure will roll up.
Precautions for maintenance and use
The laser rangefinder is an instrument that uses a certain parameter of the modulated laser to measure the distance to the target. The measuring range of laser rangefinder is 3.5~5000 meters. According to the ranging method, it is divided into phase method range finder and pulse method range finder. Pulsed laser range finder emits a beam or a sequence of short pulsed laser beams to the target when it is working. The photoelectric element receives the laser beam reflected by the target, and the timer measures the time from emission to reception of the laser beam, and calculates the distance from the observer to the target. The phase method laser rangefinder detects the distance by detecting the phase difference that occurs when the emitted light and reflected light propagate in space. The laser rangefinder is light in weight, small in size, simple to operate, fast and accurate, and its error is only one-fifth to one-hundredth of other optical rangefinders.
Laser rangefinder operating rules:
The laser level is a level that guides the laser beam emitted by the laser device into the telescope tube of the level and emits it along the collimation axis. There are two types of laser level meter: a special laser level meter and a laser device attached to the level meter. It can be used with a level rod equipped with a photoelectric receiving target to perform leveling. Compared with optical level meters, laser level meters have the characteristics of high accuracy, long line of sight and automatic reading and recording. The laser level is an intelligent display device instrument. Its function is to be installed on a moving object, collect signals from the horizon, display the horizon in a larger field of view, and display the movement posture of the object in real time. If the laser level is corrected on the plane, it will be of great significance to prevent space disorientation； in addition, in medical testing, manual signals are used to adjust the position of the laser scanning line, which can perform certain pathological tests on the human brain, and it is also widely used in handicrafts and architectural decoration.
5 maintenance tips for laser level
Measuring wheels are also known as mechanical distance measuring vehicles, digital display measuring wheels, which are widely used in professional surveying and mapping operations, road engineering, pipeline laying engineering, wire and cable engineering and other construction operations measurement and evaluation. It can be used for the construction measurement of garden landscape and golf course, the measurement of the distance and location of traffic accidents, and the measurement of farmland construction and management. The mechanical distance measuring wheel adopts high-quality precision design, small, light and durable. The 300MM measuring wheel is easy to use, what you need to do is just to press the reset button of the counter and then the count increases when the measurement goes forward and decreases when it goes backward.
Point-to-point measurement method
Place the distance measuring wheel tool on the ground, so that the point pointed by the positioning pin coincides with the starting point.
Move the distance measuring wheel until the point pointed by the positioning pin coincides with the end point.
Record the measured reading of the dial, this reading is the correct distance.
Tips for measuring accuracy of measuring wheels
The distance measuring wheel has very high requirements for measurement accuracy and stability. The biggest error source of the measuring wheel is the deformation of the measuring wheel tire through online investigation. Many factors such as temperature changes, air pressure changes, and applied pressure changes are prone to non-negligible deformation of the tires of the gauge wheel, which greatly affects the measurement accuracy. Moreover, the distance measuring wheel is used for medium and long distance measuring work, and the small deformation will always be superimposed in the rolling of the tire circle by circle, and the calculated measurement length will cause a large measurement error. Therefore, the measuring wheel must be strictly tested before the measurement work to ensure the reliability of the measurement data.
Vernier calliper is a measuring tool for measuring length, inner and outer diameter, and depth. The vernier caliper consists of a main ruler and a sliding vernier attached to the main ruler. The main ruler is generally in millimeters, and there are 10, 20 or 50 divisions on the vernier. According to the different divisions, the vernier caliper can be divided into tenth-degree vernier caliper, 20th-degree vernier caliper, fifty-point-degree vernier caliper, etc. The vernier is 9mm with 10 scale, 19mm with 20 scale, and 49mm with 50 scale.
Precautions for use
Wipe the measuring claws clean with a soft cloth, close them together, and check whether the vernier is aligned with the zero mark of the main ruler. If it is aligned, it can be measured: if it is not aligned, the zero error should be recorded: the zero scale line of the vernier is called positive zero error on the right side of the zero scale line on the ruler body, and the negative zero error on the left side of the zero scale line on the ruler body (this The method of specifying the file is consistent with the number axis. The origin is positive on the right and negative on the left. When measuring, hold the ruler with your right hand, move the cursor with your thumb, and hold the object with the outer diameter (or inner diameter) to be measured in your left hand, so that the object to be measured is located between the outer measuring claws, and when it is in close contact with the measuring claws, you can reading.
Special measurement tools
Other special measuring tools
It is only suitable for measuring tools that measure the size, surface roughness, shape and position error of a specific workpiece. Common ones are automatic inspection machines, automatic sorting machines, single-size and multi-size inspection devices (see automatic measurement).
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